31 December 2014

Logs: latest from 2014

02815.0 MTI  : Royal Navy Plymouth, G 2040 USB/STANAG-4481 KG84C encrypted messages
03831.0 ZLST : Zoll-Leitstelle Cuxhaven, D 1831 ALE/USB clg ZKNI Zollboot Kniepsand (28Dec14) (AAI)
03831.0 ZLST : Zoll-Leitstelle Cuxhaven, D 1839 ALE/USB clg ZJAD Zollboot Jade (28Dec14) (AAI)
03831.0 ZHID : Zollboot Hiddensee, D 1923 ALE/USB clg ZLST Zoll-Leitstelle Cuxhaven + reply (28Dec14) (AAI)
04553.5 ZLST : Zoll-Leitstelle Cuxhaven, D 2158 ALE/USB clg ZRUE Zollboot Ruegen (27Dec14) (AAI)
07803.0 ---  : unid French military 1410 ARQ-E/184.6/850 idles
07877.0 RS0013D : unid prob Macedonian Military, MKD 1410 ALE/USB clg CS004A (30Dec14) (AAI)
07877.0 CS004A : unid prob Macedonian Military, MKD 1419 ALE/USB clg RS0013D (30Dec14) (AAI)
07877.0 CS0 : 1426 unid prob Macedonian Military, MKD ALE/USB clg RS0012D (30Dec14) (AAI) 
07877.0 CS004A : prob Macedonian Military, MKD unid 1501 ALE/USB clg BS008C1 (30Dec14) (AAI)
07890.0 CS001: unid prob Macedonian Military, MKD 1425 ALE/USB clg RS006 flwd by handshake + MIL-STD 188-110A data
07957.5 ---  : unid French military 1335 ARQ-E3/184.6/388 idles
08190.0 RHP  : Royal Saudi Air Force, ARS 1708 ALE/USB clg AAP (28Dec14) (AAI)
08170.0 X06  : Russian Diplo, RUS 1735 6-MFSK/Mazielka 6 tone selcall sequence "145632" (28Dec14) (AAI)
09038.0 TSCP : US Army Aviation Camp Bondsteel Kosovo, KOS 1433 ALE/USB sndg (27Dec14) (AAI)
09038.0 H13  : unid US Army 1535 ALE/USB clg TSCP flwd by TSCP reply to H13 (27Dec14) (AAI)
11489.0 ---  : Russian intel, RUS 1631 FSK/200/1000 Link ID 20501 28th of month Msg Number 002 Msg Type 03008 (28Dec14) (AAI)
12729.9 UTT1 : Odessa Radio, UKR 1340 CIS-50/850 encrypted (30Dec14) (AAI)
12948.0 ---  :Russian 1315 MPSK-12 AT-3004D data nd (30Dec14) (AAI)
13242.0 200202 : unid 1404 ALE/USB sndg (30Dec14) (AAI)
13575.0 ---  : Polish Intel 1405 FSK/100/740 null message (28Dec14) (AAI)
13242.0 200202 : unid 1404 ALE/USB sndg (30Dec14) (AAI)
13951.0 813 : Enigma E07 1240 USB/J3E "813 813 813 1...79286 26605 000" (30Dec14) (AAI)
15852.0 HMG : unid Algerian Air Force, ALG 1236 ALE/USB clg CM3 (31Dec14) (AAI)
15852.0 BLD : unid Algerian Air Force, ALG 1240 ALE/USB clg CM3 rptd 1303 (31Dec14) (AAI)
16224.5 --- : MFA Cairo, EGY 1430 ARQ/Sitor-A clg QQTX Prague embassy (31Dec14) (AAI)
16318.6 --- : North Korean Diplo, PRK 1336 DPRK-ARQ/600/600 (31Dec14) (AAI)
20562.0 --- : Russian Intel, RUS 1300 FSK 200/500 null mesages "00000++++++++++162)5761" (27Dec14) (AAI)

27 December 2014

Logs: 24,26 December

08040.0 GYA: Northwood Radio, UK 1745 F3C/FAX 120/576 TAFs "...BECMG 2615/1618 12011KT..." (26Dec14) (AAI)
09074.4 --- : US Air Force Croughton, UK  1420 STANAG-4481 75bd/850 encrypted tfc (24Dec14) (AAI)
12140.0 STAT21: Tunisian MOI Net, TUN 0922 ALE/USB clg TUD then into PACTOR-II (25Dec14) (AAI)
12245.0 XSS: 1023 ALE/USB sndg (26Dec14) (AAI)
12353.0 --- : unid NATO modem 1445 USB/STANAG-4285/600L encrypted tfc (24Dec14) (AAI)
12568.2 PBB: Dutch avy Den Helder (via Goeree), HOL 1450 USB/STANAG4285/600L encrypted tfc (24Dec14) (AAI)
12580.5 --- unid vessel 1125 PACTOR-III/SL1/Long In contact with OSY (26Dec14) (AAI)
13019.0 HEB43: Global Link Berne Radio, SUI 1240 PACTOR-III channel free idles (26Dec14) (AAI)
15870.0 --- : Russian/CIS Mil 0855 USB/T206-Moroz 100/500 (25Dec14) (AAI)
16094.0 --- : Swiss Diplo, SUI 1355 MIL-STD 188-110A data "IDFF CCC DE SHR BVR" (26Dec14) (AAI)
16148.5 --- : North Korean Intel, KRE 0835 USB DPRK-ARQ 600/600 then into 1200/1200 (25Dec14) (AAI)
16154.0 X06: Russian Diplo, RUS 0855 6-MFSK/Mazielka 6 tone selcall sequence "153624" (25Dec14) (AAI)
16175.0 --- : Russian/CIS Mil 0825 USB 6-channels VFT (25Dec14) (AAI)
16237.0 --- : MFA Cairo, EGY 1237 ARQ/100/200 selcall TVVP Egyptian Embassy Abu Dhabi (24Dec14) (AAI)
18048.0 --- Russian Gov/Intel 1330 FSK/75/500 messages (26Dec14) (AAI)

16968.2 XPA2 1400 (24Dec14) (AAI)
00563 00077 26100 66068 80360 57855 44216 83357 76017 55295 76537 92929 05104 68720 63562
39257 00403 30200 45730 12078 53364 71571 17473 79030 67495 50358 86284 37463 57496 54256
55129 14997 40364 42572 79974 58299 16872 94211 42062 55672 89754 22094 78209 74584 32667
27222 58470 29480 84000 21040 26756 33203 37475 89648 53341 95375 15624 50502 89855 61887
12626 79282 17996 69944 91602 18653 22315 65592 56812 44457 80689 95700 45901 51357 02259
01928 40044 50338 34917 35554

24 December 2014

Logs: short log 23 December

14039.2 01189: Enigma XPA2 1402 MFSK-16/20Bds "01189 00093 43982... 26666"
13390.0 --- : T-600/Moroz-1a 50/500 idling "RYRYRYRY"
22447.0 FUV: French Navy Djibouti, DJI USB/STANAG-4285/600L "ZCZC OO FAAA DE FUV ZNR UUUUU"
17444.0 --- : 1400 FSK 200/1000 Link ID 32799 "01972 00000 00000 01228 14796 35619 00893 20342"
08003.0 --- : unid 1425 USB/CIS-75/250 nd
08224.0 --- : unid 1435 MIL-STD 188-110A messages


22 December 2014

Logs: 17-22 December

04225.7 IDR: Italian Navy Roma, I 2105 USB/STANAG-4285/600L CARBs (20Dec14) (AAI)
04618.0 BPLEZS: Bundespolitzei Cuxhaven, D 1938 MIL-STD 188-141A/USB clg BP25 flwd reply to BPLEZS (21Dec14) (AAI)
04618.0 BP22: Bundespolizei Police Boat Neustrelitz, D 1939 MIL-STD 188-141A/USB clg BPLEZS (21Dec14) (AAI)
04618.0 BP21: Bundespolizei Police Boat Bredstedt, D 1949 MIL-STD 188-141A/USB clg BPLEZS flwd reply to BP21 (21Dec14) (AAI)
05091.0 813: Enigma E07 1740 J3E/USB "813 1 322 68 70458 44582...46075 01554 000 000" (21Dec14) (AAI)17/12/14

05295.5 AB2: unid 2029 MIL-STD 188-141A/USB clg NI9
07497.5 --- : Unid NATO modem 1935 USB/STANAG-4285/600L encrypted (18Dec14) (AAI)                   
07734.0 --- : unid NATO TADIL modem 1520 USB/LINK-11/CLEW nd (21Dec14) (AAI)
07821.0 --- : Russian Intel 1550 FSK/200/1000 Link ID 20501 "34156 00000 00000 00358 12857 36342 00893 16476" (21Dec14) (AAI)
08180.0 --- : Unid Number Station 1315 USB female english "... 274 274 274 274 ..." (18Dec14) (AAI)                   
08780.0 --- : Israeli Navy, ISR 1930 188-110A QPSK/Hybrid Modem (18Dec14) (AAI)

11468.0 RDL: Russian Navy Smolensk, RUS 1305 T-600/BEE/20/200 Message Sync 0x1414bebe952 (22Dec14) (AAI)
11470.0 --- : Russian Air Force, RUS 1255 T-206/Moroz-1a 50/500 idling (22Dec14) (AAI)
13381.0 --- : Russian Gov/Intel 1405 FSK/75/500 (17Dec14) (AAI)                   
15967.0 08065: Enigma XPA2 1400 MFSK-16/20bps "08065 00001 00000 10140" (20Dec14) (AAI)
16864.5 OSY: SailMail Brugge, BEL 1240 PACTOR-III "OR4092 de OSY" (19Dec14) (AAI)

17024.4 --- : Russian Mil, RUS 1320 AT-3004D modem encrypted tfc    (19Dec14) (AAI)
17471.0 X06: Russian Diplo 1330 6-MFSK/Mazielka 6 tone selcall sequence "216354" (22Dec14) (AAI)
20562.0 --- : Russian Intel, RUS 1302 FSK/200/500 null message 00000++++++++++162)5761 (20Dec14) (AAI)



20 December 2014

CIS FSK 200Bd/500


FSK 200/500  mode is believed to be used by one of the Russian intelligence services. It transmits data using FSK (Frequency Shift Keying) modulation with the ITA-2 alphabet (with 1.5 stop bits) at a speed of 200 baud with a shift of 500 Hz.
FSK 200/500 messages are transmitted with fixed schedules on frequencies which change monthly. The latest information on the times and frequencies of these schedules can be found online here.

Rivet can decode FSK 200/500 messages directly from a radio in USB mode connected to a soundcard line input or from a WAV file that is mono and with a sample rate of 8000 Hz. The program calibrates itself by looking at the incoming audio and then starts to decode and display the message on the screen. Once a message is decoding do not retune your radio until the message is complete.
A short recording of a an FSK/200/500 transmission may heard here

When there is no message to send in a schedule the line 

 00000++++++++++162)5761

will be sent continuously for seven minutes as in the following decode output from Rivet:
 
FSK/200/500 null traffic
 When there is a message offline encryption is sent which starts like this:

00000++++++++++188=8331
52281013891141343 =8432
92874574809254333 =8573
814347960943078155=8794

The number to the left of the = sign appears to be the encrypted traffic and consists of 17 or 18 digits. The number to the right is interesting also though. The last digits of this is the line number which you can see incrementing. The messages ends like this:

28870268039372698 =81275
423345851935701126=86276
88837514787689596 =81277
26158186121423068 )57678

Certain 3 digit codes appear to have special meanings. The ones we have come across so far are:

162 Start of a null message
188 Start of a message
576 End of message or null

 (source: Rivet wiki)



17 December 2014

Logs: 15-16 December

08681.0 TSM: Israeli Air Force, ISR 1456 MIL-STD 188-141A/USB sndg (16Dec14)
11000.0 RIW: Russian Navy HQ, RUS 1427 CW "RIW QYT4 QMO K" (16Dec14)
11082.0 --- : unid 1422 CW strings groups of Vs (16Dec14)
13951.0 E07: Enigma E07 1246 J3E just outro "000 000" (16Dec14)
14538.0 06762: Enigma XPA2 1300 MFSK-6 "06762 00001 00000 10140" (16Dec14)
16684.5 OSY: SailMail Brugge, BEL 1315 Pactor-III "S8509 de OSY QTC: 5 13248 7862" (15Dec14)
15844.0 CTF: Algerian Air Force, ALG 1312 MIL-STD 188-141A/USB clg CM1 (16Dec14)
15844.0 CM1: Algerian Air Force, ALG 1315 MIL-STD 188-141A/USB clg CTF (16Dec14)
17318.5 --- : North Korea Diplo, KRE 1335 DPRK-ARQ 600/600 + 1200/1200 msgs nd (16Dec14)
19571.4 --- : Russian Air Force 1507 T-206 Moroz-1b/50/500 ACF 4 nd (16Dec14)
20056.7 --- : MFA Cairo, EGY 1343    CODAN-Chirp selcall DST 33302 embassy Accra (15Dec14)


15 December 2014

DPRK-ARQ 600/600 (KEGURI)

Known as DPRK-ARQ and DPRK-FEC, DPRK-ARQ 600bd/600 is a proprietary two-tone FSK system with a 600 Hz shift. This system is used by the Democratic People Republic of Korea (so the abbreviation DPRK) with 600 Baud and, as said, 600 Hz shift for their HF diplomatic traffic in ARQ mode on LSB.
DPRK-ARQ 600/600 sonagram and spectum

The block length is 217 ms, the pause 323 ms so that the total packet has a length of 540 ms. Each bit has a length of 1.67 ms so that one packet has 130 bit.



Sometimes they use DPRK-ARQ 1200 with 1200 Baud and 1200 Hz shift (DPRK-ARQ 1200/1200):


Logs: 04-14 December

02813.5 --- : unid NATO modem 2107 STANAG-4481 KG-84C messages 05/12/14
03862.2 JWT : Norwegian Mil, NOR 2040 USB/STANAG-4285/300L encrypted 10/12/14
04338.0 FUB : French Navy Paris, F 2135 FSK/50/850 encrypted 05/12/14
07745.0 TBB : Turkish Navy, TUR 1430 USB/STANAG-4285/600L/N1 CARBs messages 08/12/14
07833.0 201E3F : French airforce, F 1430 USB/ALE clg MOBE3F flwd by MIL-STD 188-110a/300/S data 11/12/14
07999.9 QRP : unid beacon/marker 1515 CW id "QRP" 13/12/14
08000.3 --- : unid NATO 1500 USB/STANAG-4285 sending null traffic 08/12/14
08015.6 --- : Italian Coast Guard SAR, I 1430 FSK/USB unid selcall messages 07/12/14
08059.0 MV50 : Algerian Military, ALG 1447 USB/ALE clg MV52 11/12/14
08093.0 NKW : US Navy Diego Garcia, DGI 2050 FSK/50/850 encrypted 05/12/14
08123.5 NSS : Nato Allied Joint Force Command Naples, I 1506 USB/STANAG-4285/600L/N1 CARBs message 08/12/14
08132.0 BPLEZS : Bundespolitzei Cuxhaven, D 1454 USB/ALE clg BP21 11/12/14
09180.0 106003 : Turkish Civil Defense, TUR 2115 ALE/USB sndg 06/12/14
09200.0 2001 : Moroccan Civil Protection, MRC 2003 ALE/USB clg 24081 06/12/14
09240.0 306023 : Turkish Civil Defense, TUR 2109 ALE/USB clg 326013 06/12/14
09240.0 378013 : Turkish Civil Defense, TUR 2111 ALE/USB sndg 06/12/14
10168.0 783 : Algerian Air Force, ALG 1304 ALE/USB clg CM5 10/12/14
10175.0 332018 : Turkish Civil Defence, TUR 1323 ALE/USB sndg 10/12/14
10344.0 --- : Swiss diplo 1405 MIL-STD 118-110A/300bps messages 10/12/14
10370.0 SPI : Polish Military, POL 1302 ALE/USB clg LCR154 10/12/14
10370.0 SPI : Polish Military, POL 1312 ALE/USB clg SNB813 + handshake 10/12/14
10415.0 --- : Unid 1410 CW Sending string of Ts, no callsign 12/12/14
10535.0 RDL : Russian Navy Smolensk, RUS 2130 T600/BEE/50/200 Message Sync 0x1414bebe952 06/12/14
10543.0 RCV : BSF HQ Sevastopol, UKR 1357 CW sea bullettin 10/12/14
10712.0 RKA73 : Russian Navy Pskov, RUS 1425 T600/BEE/50/200 Message Sync 0x1eb41eb2952 06/12/14
11056.2 --- : prob. Italian GC, I 1330 FSK/100/170 selcalls (every minute) 13/12/14
12197.0 --- : unid NATO modem 1910 TADIL/LINK-11/SLEW serial modem 07/12/14
14538.0 XPA2 : Enigma XPA2 1302 MFSK-16 msg "01515 00001 00000 10140" 14/12/14
16009.7 --- : MFA Cairo, EGY 1335 CODAN-9001/QPSK messages 06/12/14
16086.7 --- : MFA Cairro, EGY 1336 CODAN-CHIRP selcall to 00009 embassy Kuwait 14/12/14
16116.0 X06 : Russian Diplo 1415 6-MFSK/Mazielka 6 tone selcall sequence "215346" 12/12/14
16316.1 --- : Russian Mil (prob Kaliningrad), RUS 1447 CIS-50-50/250 crypto msgs 12/12/14
16809.0 WLO : Mobile Marine Radio Alabama, AL 1240 CW/ARQ CW station ID 11/12/14
16830.5 SVO : Olympia Radio Athens, GRC 1312 FEC/Sitor-B news in Greek 11/12/14
17094.0 AQP7 : Marine Karachi, PAK 1325 CW "VVV DE AQP7" 11/12/14
17180.0 FUG : French Navy La Regine, F 1330 USB/STANAG-4285/600L/5N1 "FAA DE FUG W TESTING" 09/12/14
17555.0
: Unid NATO 1520 USB/STANAG-4285/1200L crypto 12/12/14
18150.9 --- : Russian diplo, RUS 1750 USB/Serdolik MFSK-34/40 baud crypto 14/12/14
19127.0 --- : MFA Cairo, EGY 1255 Sitor/ARQ clg KKVA Embassy Lagos 10/12/14
22864.0 RDL : Russian Navy Smolensk, RUS 1530 T600/BEE50/200 Message Sync 0x1414bebe952 13/12/14

beacon/marker QRP



ARQ/Sitor-A traffic between Cairo and Beijing Egyptian Embassy

14 December 2014

Russian Navy radio Centers

Here is a list of the main Russian Navy radio Centers, set your web/mail browser to read cyrillic in order to see the Russian names of these sites correctly.

Radiocoverage area World wide
N  р/с 2201 (poss 2200)

Москва / Moscow
РИВ / RIW (+ RJE56)
Прогресс / Progress


Radiocoverage area Northern Fleet,
Arctic regions, North Atlantic Ocean, North sea, Norwegian Sea, white Sea, Northern inland waterways
N  р/с 2202

Североморск /Severomorsk
РИТ / RIT (+ RJH57 ?)
Вольфрам /Wolfram

Северодвинск / Severodvinsk
РЙД-99  / RJD99
Цветок / Swetok, "Flower"

Иоканьга*  / Iokanga aka Jagernaja / Ostrovnoj aka Gremikha aka Murmansk-140
РЙД-80  / RJD80
Светлана / Svetlana

Полярный   / Polyarny
РИР-2  / RIR2
Природа / Priroda, "Nature"

Мурманск  / Murmansk
РЙД-56  / RJD56
Флюгер / Flüger, "Vane"

Radiocoverage area Baltic Fleet

Baltic Sea, North sea, English Channel, Inland waterways
N  р/с 2203

Калининград / Kaliningrad
РМП  / RMP (+RJD71?)
Вестник / Westnik, "Herald", "Messenger"

С-Петербург / St. Petersburg
РЙД-85  / RJD85
Скакун  / Skakun, "Race horse", "Jumper"

Балтийск  / Baltiysk
РЙД-69  / RJD69
Искатель / Iskatelx, "Seeker"

Radiocoverage area Black Sea Fleet
Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Caspian Sea, Red Sea, inland waterways
N  р/с 2204

Севастополь / Sevastopol
РЦЖ / RCV  
Гвоздика / Gwozdika, "Cloves"

Новороссийск / Novorossiysk
РЙЕ-65  / RJE65
Тополь / Topolx, "White Poplar"

Radiocoverage area Caspian Flotilla
Caspian Sea, inland waterways
N   р/с 2205

Астрахань  / Astrakhan
РЙД-52 / RJD52
Зазор / Zazor, "Clearance" or poss "Gap"

Radiocoverage area Pacific Fleet
North Pacific Ocean, South Pacific Oceans, Bering Sea, inland waterways
N   р/с 2206

Владивосток / Vladivostok
РЙС   / RJS
Грейдер / Grejder "Grader"

Стрелок  / Strelok aka Pavlovsk Bay
РЙД-97  / RJD97
Чинара / Öjnara "Sycamore"

П.-Камчатский  / Petropavlomsk Kamchatskiy
РЦЦ  / RCC
Деканат / Dekanat "Deanery (Deans office)"

Совгавань /  Sowgwanx aka Sovjetskaya Gavan
РЙД-93  / RJD93
Флейта / Flejta "Flute"

Владивосток / Vladivostok
РЙЦ-60  / RJC60
Юрист / Ürist "Lawyer (Jurist)"


Radiocoverage area Indian Ocean
Indian Ocean, South Atlantic Ocean, inland waterways
N   р/с 2207

Бишкек  / Bishkek
РЙХ-25  / RJH25
Сибиряк  / Sibiräk "Siberian"
From my good friend Trond Jacobsen in Norway.

9 December 2014

CIS 75-250

CIS 75-250 (also known as CIS-75/75/250) is a Russian/CIS system supposed in use by Military in HF. As its name, this system use FSK modulation with 250 Hz shift and a (verified) 75 baud speed.


Traffic is encrypted.


7 December 2014

Unid possible Italian CG selcall ?

these are just the days of odd signals: after the "flute" heard some days ago, today a series of short (23 secs) FSK messages heard on 8015.6 KHz/USB from 1405z and it's still going on when I'm writing this post.


As you can see, the signal is composed of three state:
- preamble, 2 seconds
- the body of the message, 8 seconds
- the final part, 13 seconds 


schedule: every minute, from (mm):45 to (mm +1):08
FSK features: shift 170 Hz and apparent speed of 100 baud



The signal, file name is 8015_6_KHz.wav can be heard here

This appears to be some kind of (collective?) selcall used by the SAR of the Italian Coast Guard (Capitaneria di Porto - Guardia Costiera), a branch of the Italian Navy:
http://www.guardiacostiera.it/organizzazione/ 



6 December 2014

The Snake Charmer: a flute in HF


the signal has been spotted on 16927.0 KHz/USB from 1310 UTC, it's the so-called "snake charmer" here in the 16-step MFSK version. The transmission is likely sourced from HEB/WLO/WPG as reported in a detailed description reported here, although the author reports the 64 and 32 tones versions.
Below the 30 minutes long max-hold FFT spectrum that exhibits 16 tones, approximately 65 Hz spaced, in a range of 10 dB:

fig. 1 - max hold FFT spectrum

The signal is believed to be a test signal of some kind from WLO, WPG, or maybe HEB.  I just asked my friend MIke Chace-Ortiz (mco) and he replied that there have been 3 channels, all allocated to WPG active on 16MHz recently. The 22819.0 frequency (on USB) also remains active, usually with carrier from WLO direction but this also carries the same odd signal from time to time.

4 December 2014

Logs: 01-03 December

07744.0    CS002A    : prob. Macedonian Mil 1236 ALE/USB clg RSØØ4A + MIL-STD 118-110A data (01Dec14) (AAI)
07803.0    ---    : RFFXCC/ARMEES French Forces, F 1255 ARQ-E/186.6/850 msgs "DE RFFXCC ..." (01Dec14) (AAI)   
07957.5    ---    : unid French Forces, F 1335 ARQ-E/184.6/388 long time idling (01Dec14) (AAI)
08656.2    FUG    : French Navy Saissac, F 1250 STANAG-4481 KG-84c messages 03/12/14 (AAI)
10543.0    RCV    : BSF HQ Sevastopol, UKR 1255 CW mediterranean weather reports 03/12/14 (AAI)
11106.0    EK9    : Greek military, GRC 1205 ALE/USB clg GEF 03/12/14 (AAI)
11468.0    ---    : unid Russian Navy Kaliningrad, RUS 1330 T600/BEE/50/200 msgs sync 0x1414bebe952 03/12/14 (AAI)
11470.0    ---    : unid Russian Navy, RUS 1315 T206/Moroz-1a 50/500 long time idling 03/12/14 (AAI)
12311.0    203E3F    : French Air Force, F 1356 ALE/USB sndg 03/12/14 (AAI)
14556.0    RIW    : Russian Navy HQ, RUS 1446 CW "RIW NR 429 RPT k" 03/12/14 (AAI)   
14646.0    001    : unid asset unid Libyan net, LIB 1409 ALE/USB clg 004 03/12/14 (AAI)
14851.7    ---    : Pakistan Navy HQ Karachi, PAK 1450 PACTOR-II-FEC-8 /100/200 5 letters code groups 03/12/14 (AAI)   
16234.0    ---    : Russian Navy, RUS 1425 CIS-50-50/500 encrypted messages 02/12/14 (AAI)
16684.5    OSY    : Sailmail Brugge, BEL 1340 PACTOR-III traffic 02/12/14 (AAI)
17445.0    ---    : Russian Diplo/Intel 1405 FSK/200/1000 Link ID 32799 : 2nd of month 02/12/14 (AAI)   
18100.0    C3    : Moroccan military, MRC 1413 ALE/USB clg R3 (01Dec14) (AAI)
18390.0    ---    : Swiss Diplo, SUI 1424 ALE/LP + MIL-STD 188-110A encrypted messages 02/12/14 (AAI)
22387.5    SVO    : Olympia Radio, GRC 1510 FEC/SITOR-B Sport News in Greek (01Dec14) (AAI)
22447.1    FUV    : French Navy Djbouti, DJI 1430 STANAG-4285/600L "OO FAAA DE FUV" (01Dec14) (AAI)   
22850.0    AA1    : Israeli Air Force, ISR 1445 ALE/USB sndg (01Dec14) (AAI)
22941.2    ---    : unid NATO modem 1440 STANAG-4285/2400L ENCRYPTED (01Dec14) (AAI)


1 December 2014

my very first radio

I began to tune HF stations (48 meter band) using this simple-but-good radio receiver and a long wire antenna out of my window. I still love it !


29 November 2014

Logs: 27-29 November

04732.0    MKL    : AMCC Northwood's MATELO 2040 STANAG-4481/75/850 KG-84C data blocks (28Nov14) (AAI)
07813.0    J62    : Moroccan Army, MRC 2045 ALE/USB sndg (28Nov14) (AAI)
09074.0    CM3    : Algerian Air Force, ALG 1937 ALE/USB clg COF (27Nov14) (AAI)
09240.0    360018    : Turkish Civil Defense, TUR 2008 ALE/USB sndg (27Nov14) (AAI)
09240.0    340018    : Turkish Civil Defense, TUR 1947 ALE/USB sndg (27Nov14) (AAI)
09240.0    324013    : Turkish Civil Defense, TUR 2012 ALE/USB sndg (27Nov14) (AAI)
09240.0    8561    : Turkish Civil Defense, TUR 2017 ALE/USB sndg (27Nov14) (AAI)
09240.0    350013    : Turkish Civil Defense, TUR 2002 ALE/USB sndg (27Nov14) (AAI)
09240.0    319?    : Turkish Civil Defense, TUR 1949 ALE/USB sndg (27Nov14) (AAI)
10515.0    BRILATNORTE: Brigada Infanteria Ligera Aerotransp. “Galicia” VII, E 1826 ALE/USB clg RT1NORTE (26Nov14) (AAI)
10638.0    EK9    : Greek Military, GRC 1306 ALE/USB clg GEF (28Nov14) (AAI)
12459.0    306023    : Turkish Civil Defense, TUR 1610 ALE/USB clg 319013 (28Nov14) (AAI)   
12459.0    319013    : Turkish Civil Defense, TUR 1551 ALE/USB sndg (28Nov14) (AAI)   
12459.0    123456    : Turkish Civil Defense Test call, TUR 1554 ALE/USB sndg (28Nov14) (AAI)
12459.0    334018    : Turkish Civil Defense, TUR 1448 ALE/USB sndg (28Nov14) (AAI)
12459.0    377018    : Turkish Civil Defense, TUR 1527 ALE/USB sndg (28Nov14) (AAI)
12459.0    302013    : Turkish Civil Defense, TUR 1609 ALE/USB sndg (28Nov14) (AAI)
12459.0    306023    : Turkish Civil Defense, TUR 1530 ALE/USB clg 342013 (28Nov14) (AAI)
14431.0    PI3    : unid network 1354 ALE/USB clg BA3 (26Nov14) (AAI)
14550.0    S31    : Moroccan Military, MRC 1416 ALE/USB sndg (26Nov14) (AAI)
14550.0    C3    : Moroccan Military, MRC 1413 ALE/USB clg R3 (26Nov14) (AAI)
14650.0    ---    : MFA Cairo, EGY 1340 ARQ/Sitor-A clg OOVC Embassy New Delhi + CODAN-9001 data (26Nov14) (AAI)

26 November 2014

Logs: 24-26 November

04618.0    BPLEZS: Bundespolizei Cuxhaven, D 2149 ALE/USB clg BP23 24/11/14 (AAI)
05391.0    RAI: Saudi Air Force, ARS 2114 ALE/USB clg JAI 24/11/14 (AAI)
05391.0    RAP: Saudi Air Force, ARS 2129 ALE/USB clg JAP 24/11/14 (AAI)
10515.0    BCZMIV6NORTE: Batallón Cazadores de Montaña, E 1211 ALE/USB clg BRILATNORTE 24/11/14 (AAI)       
10515.0    RT1NORTE: Regimiento de Transmisiones 1, Burgos 1242 ALE/USB clg NORTE 25/11/14 (AAI)
10515.0    BCZMII6NORTE: Batallón Cazadores de Montaña, E 1152 ALE/USB clg RT1NORTE 24/11/14 (AAI)   
10515.0    BCZMII6NORTE: Batallón Cazadores de Montaña, E 1148 ALE/USB clg BCZMIV6NORTE 24/11/14 (AAI)
10515.0    BCZMIV6NORTE: Batallón Cazadores de Montaña, E 1209 ALE/USB clg SECTRANNORTE 24/11/14 (AAI)
10515.0    BCZMIV6NORTE: Batallón Cazadores de Montaña, E 1204 ALE/USB clg BCZMI64NORTE 24/11/14 (AAI)
10515.0    BRILATNORTE: Brigada Infantería Ligera Aerotransportable “Galicia” VII, E 1826 ALE/USB clg RT1NORTE 26/11/14 (AAI)       
10515.0    RT1NORTE: Regimiento de Transmisiones 1 Burgos, E 1317 ALE/USB clg BCZMI64NORTE handshake + MIL-STD188-110A data 25/11/14 (AAI)       
10515.0    SECTRANNORTE: Spanish Mil (a) 1310 ALE/USB clg RT1NORTE 25/11/14 (AAI)   
10515.0    BCZMI64NORTE: Batallón Cazadores de Montaña Pirineos I/64, E 1311 ALE /USB clg RT1NORTE handshake  + MIL-STD188-110A data 25/11/14 (AAI)
10952.0    --- : Swiss Diplo, SUI 1527 MIL-STD 188-110A 300 bps data 24/11/14 (AAI)
12311.0    MOBE3F: French Air Force, F 1453 ALE/USB sndg 25/11/14 (AAI)
14431.0    PI3: unid network 1354 ALE/USB clg BA3 26/11/14 (AAI)
14550.0    S31: Moroccan Military, MRC 1416 ALE/USB sndg 26/11/14 (AAI)
14550.0    C3: Moroccan Military, MRC 1413 ALE/USB clg R3 26/11/14 (AAI)
14650.0    --- : MFA Cairo, EGY 1340 ARQ/Sitor-A clg OOVC Embassy New Delhi + CODAN-9001 data 26/11/14 (AAI)

a) 
Secretaría de Transportes or Transmisiones ? Secretaria Fuerza de Transición y Estabilización ?

24 November 2014

Logs: 20-23 November

ALE
09045.0    2014    :Turkish Red Crescent, TUR 2033 ALE/USB clg 4012 (20Nov14) (AAI)
10175.0    43401    :Turkish Civil Defence, TUR 1336 ALE/USB sndg (23Nov14) (AAI)       
10344.0    HB9MHB    :Global ALE HF Network Bern, SUI 1501 ALE/USB sndg (23Nov14) (AAI)   
10677.0    RHI    :Saudi Air Force, ARS 1646 ALE/USB clg AAI (23Nov14) (AAI)           
10677.0    RHP    :Saudi Air Force, ARS 1647 ALE/USB clg AAI (23Nov14) (AAI)           
16148.0    XEN    :GBR DHFCS, UK 1156 ALE/USB clg XSS flwd by MIL-STD 188-110A (21Nov14) (AAI)
16283.6    KWB48    :US DoS RIMC Frankfurt, D 1334 ALE/USB sndg (20Nov14) (AAI)
16402.0    ABA    :Maltese Maritime HQ Floriana, MLT 1344 ALE/USB clg A2A (20Nov14) (AAI)

CW Morse
06917.5    L    :MX "L" beacon St. Petersbourg, RUS 2144 CW Morse ID (22Nov14) (AAI)
08816.0    71387    :Russian Naval Air Transport 1540 CW "RJF94 RJC38 DE 71387 QTO 1434 QRD XLAA XLLV QBD 52TT QRE 164T K" (21Nov14) (AAI)
10543.0    RCV    :Russian Navy BSF HQ Sevastopol, UKR 1532 CW "RBE86 DE RCV QTC 717 33 23 13TT 717 = NAWIP..." nautical warnings (23Nov14) (AAI)
12464.0    RHC84    :Russian Navy 1247 CW "RCV DE RHC84 NR 1T4 RPT AL? K" (23Nov14) (AAI)
16331.8    P    :MX "P" beacon "P" Kaliningrad, RUS 1550 CW Morse ID (21Nov14) (AAI)

mixed
07850.0    CHU    :NRC time station Ottawa, CAN 2223 USB seconds pips and ID (22Nov14) (AAI)   
07851.0    T    :Dasher Beacon 2226 CW T dashes (22Nov14) (AAI)
07960.0    ---    :unid TADIL NATO modem 2203 LINK-11 SLEW nd (22Nov14) (AAI)
08123.2    NSS    :Nato Allied Joint F. Napoli, I 1405 USB/STANAG-4285/600L "//NSS3I(0)/NSS4I(0)//" (23Nov14) (AAI)
08654.0    ---    :Unid Prob NATO 2025 FSK/50/850 encrypted (20Nov14) (AAI)
08939.0    UHD    :St Petersburg Volmet, RUS 2018 USB/J3E YL russian language USB (23Nov14) (AAI)
10000.0    ---    :Amici di Italcable Viareggio, I 1447 USB minute-time annoucement + music (23Nov14) (AAI)   
19127.0    ---    :MFA Cairo, EGY 1257 ARQ/Sitor-A clg KKVA Egyptian embassy Lagos (20Nov14) (AAI)
20752.0    RDL    :Russian Strategic Bcast, RUS 1320 BEE/50/200 encrypted tfc s/off 1325 (23Nov14) (AAI)

N&O
08112.0 ---    :prob Enigma XC 2110 "the crackle" noise signal (14Nov14) (AAI)
08313.0    ---    :XSL Japanese Navy 2205 MFSK/Japanese Slot Machine  (22Nov14) (AAI)

08618.0    ---    :Enigma M51 1436 CW in progress "NR 16 N 25 15:36:44 2Ø14 BT" (21Nov14) (AAI)   
10715.0    ---    :Enigma HM01, CUB 2220 hybrid AM/RDFT YL 5FG numbers flwd by data transfer (23Nov14) (AAI)       
19406.0    ---    :X06 Russian Diplo 1308 6-MFSK/Mazielka 6 tone selcall sequence "352416" (20Nov14) (AAI)


D,P,S,C beacons... all togheter

21 November 2014

"The Crackle" (XC) is still alive


Heard on 14th November, 2110z at 8112.0 USB a wierd crackling noise just sounding like  "The Crackle": it's still alive on HF?

The Crackle, or Enigma designator XC, was first heard interfering VOLMET stations, its origin is unknown.The signal does not carry any information but rather it's a "noise" signal.

A short recording of the (prob) XC reception can be heard here


20 November 2014

Logs: 17-19 November

04951.5    M21    :Russian Air Defence, RUS 2222
                 CW "=99T122??T????? =99T123??T?????" (Moscow Time strings) (19Nov14) (AAI)
06789.0    ---    :Russian Intel 2202 FSK/200/1000 Link ID 45057: 18th of month (18Nov14) (AAI)
06790.0    4026    :SONATRACH, ALG 2037 ALE/USB sndg (18Nov14) (AAI)
06790.0    4212    :SONATRACH, ALG 2034 ALE/USB sndg (18Nov14) (AAI)
06790.0    5025    :SONATRACH, ALG 2021 ALE/USB sndg (18Nov14) (AAI)
06790.0    4254    :SONATRACH, ALG 2027 ALE/USB sndg (18Nov14) (AAI)
07622.0    CS002    :unid network prob. Macedonian Mil 1146 ALE/USB clg RS008 no reply (17Nov14) (AAI)
07990.0    RFP    :Saudi military, ARS 2015 ALE/USB sndg (17Nov14) (AAI)
08123.0    ---    :Russian Intel 2020 FSK/200/1000 Link ID 28680 : 17th of month (17Nov14) (AAI)
08547.0    NKW    :US Navy Diego Garcia, DGA 2020 FSK/50/850 encrypted (19Nov14) (AAI)
08743.0    HSW    :Bangkok Meteo, THA 2135 USB/J3E musical chime, male voice ,musical chime (19Nov14) (AAI)
08797.0    BB1    :Israeli Air Force, ISR 2123 ALE/USB sndg (19Nov14) (AAI)
08797.0    AAA    :Israeli Air Force, ISR 2129 ALE/USB sndg (19Nov14) (AAI)
10945.0    CFH    :Canadian Forces Halifax, CAN 2017 FSK/75/850
                 "NAWS DE CFH ZKR F1 2822 3394 4158 6242 8324 12371 16552" (19Nov14) (AAI)       
12464.0    RHL80    :Russian Navy 1207 CW "RCV DE RHL80 QSA? k" (19Nov14) (AAI)
13499.0    2402    :Moroccan DGSE, MRC 1904 ALE/USB sndg (19Nov14) (AAI)
13499.0    241    :Moroccan DGSE, MRC 1834 ALE/USB sndg (19Nov14) (AAI)
13499.0    22054    :Moroccan DGSE, MRC 1840 ALE/USB sndg (19Nov14) (AAI)
16684.5    OSY    :Sail Mail Brugge, BEL 1228 Sail Mail PACTOR III (19Nov14) (AAI)
17967.0    15    :ARINC Al Muharraq, BHR 1351 Arinc-635/HFDL wkg Flight AT0788 46.23.7N 2.3.34W (18Nov14) (AAI)


decoding M21 CW transmissions

noisy signals from CFH, last line is a clear decoding

18 November 2014

CIS FSK 200/1000


FSK 200/1000 is a technical name for a digital mode used by Russian Intelligence and possibly also Diplomatic stations. The name stands for its baud rate and shift - 200 bd speed, 1000 Hz shift between tones.

Aggiungi didascalia

The messages are encrypted bitstreams, sent in 288-bit blocks. Each block begins with control bytes 0x7D 0x12 0xB0 0xE6. The first two blocks of each message are significant, containing information on the amount of blocks, communication link ID, day of the month, serial number, message type, possibly the amount of encoded groups, and encoded decryption information.
A short recording may be heard  here

Below is an example of a FSK 200/1000 decoded transmission: you can see the mentioned keys (link ID, day of the month,...): reception was made on 17 November at 2020z, on 8123.0 KHz/USB:

----------------------------------------------------------
Block No 0 : Total Message Size 4 blocks : This transmission contains one message.
7d,12,b0,e6,00,00,00,00,00,00,60,00,10,00,00,00,00,08,20,04,00,04,00,08,40,0b,40,06,70,03,70,0e,20,0f,90,08
Block No 1  : Link ID 28680  : 17th of month  : Msg Number 002 : Msg Type 07145 : Group Count (?) 4
22796 00000 00000 00606 56197 35395 00893 60555
7d,12,b0,e6,00,33,15,00,b9,40,e0,e0,9c,10,7a,00,0a,02,00,05,82,0e,d8,0e,ba,3c,84,78,53,db,06,12,25,10,89,03
Block No 2
7d,12,b0,e6,00,55,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,0a,00,0f,00,0a,00,09,00,01,00,00,00,03,00,04,00,05,00,04
----------------------------------------------------------
Block No 0 : Total Message Size 4 blocks : This transmission contains one message.
7d,12,b0,e6,00,00,00,00,00,00,60,00,10,00,00,00,00,08,20,04,00,04,00,08,40,0b,40,06,70,03,70,0e,20,0f,90,08
Block No 1  : Link ID 28680  : 17th of month  : Msg Number 002 : Msg Type 07145 : Group Count (?) 4
22796 00000 00000 00606 56197 35395 00893 60555
7d,12,b0,e6,00,33,15,00,b9,40,e0,e0,9c,10,7a,00,0a,02,00,05,82,0e,d8,0e,ba,3c,84,78,53,db,06,12,25,10,89,03
Block No 2
7d,12,b0,e6,00,55,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,0a,00,0f,00,0a,00,09,00,01,00,00,00,03,00,04,00,05,00,04
----------------------------------------------------------
Block No 0 : Total Message Size 2 blocks : This transmission contains 0 messages.
7d,12,b0,e6,00,00,00,00,00,00,30,00,08,00,00,00,00,04,10,02,00,02,00,04,20,05,a0,03,38,01,b8,07,10,07,c8,04
Block No 1  : Link ID 28680  : 17th of month  : Msg Number 002 : Msg Type 07145 : Group Count (?) 4
22796 00000 00000 00606 56197 35395 00893 60555
7d,12,b0,e6,00,33,15,00,b9,40,e0,e0,9c,10,7a,00,0a,02,00,05,82,0e,d8,0e,ba,3c,84,78,53,db,06,12,25,10,89,03
Block No 2
7d,12,b0,e6,00,55,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,0a,00,0f,00,0a,00,09,00,01,00,00,00,03,00,04,00,05,00,04
----------------------------------------------------------

FSK 200/1000 also has a concept of empty messages. These are always 4 blocks long, and include "00000" groups.
FSK 200/1000 operates in schedules of three transmissions, spaced 10 minutes apart.
The further transmissions are transmitted on lower frequencies. The frequency usage indicates worldwide operation. There also are unscheduled transmissions, using the communication link ID "00000", which may not repeat in regular manner.

FSK 200/1000 contents can be decoded using the free program Rivet, as in the following screenshot:

17 November 2014

Logs: 14-16 November

03845.5    ---    : unid NATO modem 2015 TADIL/Link-11 nd (16Nov14) (AAI)
06218.2    NSS    : Nato Allied Joint Force Naples, I 1440 STANAG-4285/600L CARBs (15Nov14) (AAI)
08494.6    S    : "S" MX beacon Severomorsk, RUS 2036 CW Morse Id "S" (15Nov14) (AAI)
08588.0    ---    : XSL Japanese Navy, J 2212 Japanese Slot Machine nd (16Nov14) (AAI)
09145.0    RIW    : Russian Navy HQ Moscow, RUS 1252 CW "RMDZ DE RIW QSU 1 QWH 8788 QSX 12260 K" (16Nov14) (AAI)
10543.0    RCV    : Russian Navy BSF HQ Sevastopol, UKR 1310 CW "XXX XXX RJV RJV 70 POMERMELYJ TS7T ? (16Nov14) (AAI)
14494.0    ---    : unid NATO modem 1410 STANAG-4285/1200L/USB encrypted (16Nov14) (AAI)
14508.0    5601    : unid ALE network 1431 ALE/USB clg 20001 (16Nov14) (AAI)
14580.8    ---    : Russian Navy BSF HQ Sevastopol, UKR 1420 prob 2xT600 VFT nd (16Nov14) (AAI)
16355.0    ---    : unid (prob. Russian/CIS mil) 1502 MFSK-16 parallel tones 115 Hz spaced (no pilot tone) (16Nov14) (AAI)


XSL - the "Japanese Slot Machine"

Japanese Slot Machine (also named XSL or JSM) is a system thought to be from the Japanese Government or Self-Defense Force (Navy). Some have likened its weird sound to that of a Las Vegas slot machine, so the name Japanese Slot Machine.
I heard an XSL transmission on 16 November (at 2212z) on 8588.0 KHz/USB: see below a screenshot from my SDR Console during the reception.


Known Frequencies
4231.5 kHz     6417.0 kHz     8588.0 kHz        
4291.0 kHz     6445.1 kHz     8704.0 kHz


The signal transmits continuously on pairs of frequencies in the 4MHz, 6MHz and 8MHz bands, which places it firmly in the ITU bands allocated for Maritime use.
Reports show the signal to be stongest in the Far East, indicating an origin in that part of the World. Although the signals are weak in Europe, they can be monitored in the evenings on both the 6MHz and 8MHz frequncies. The poor reception makes analysis of the signal difficult.
An article in Monitoring Times, December 2002 was the first to identify these signals as Japanese Navy. Writing it the "Utility World" column, Hugh Stegman outlines his reasons for this claim. Firstly, direction-finding fixes indicated Japan at the source of the signals, although China and Russia were not ruled out.
Secondly, the frequencies correlate with those previously used by the Japanese Navy for eight-tone radio modems, some of which disappeared at the right time.
Finally, monitors travelling to Japan identified additional strong local frequencies, some of which were only operating on a part daily basis.

The mode being used is quadrature phase-shift keying (QPSK) , encrypted shore to ships traffic.  The mode is un-decodable: Sigmira doesn't really decode the information but only displays the "frames" and raw QPSK symbols.


It still remains a challenging and difficult signal to monitor at any reasonable strength in Europe.

The following is quoted from the Sigmira manual.
"With some investigation the symbol rate was determined to be 1600.00 baud. The regular ticking sound was found to be an exactly repeating sequence of symbols. Clearly that serves as a channel probe and frame synchronization pattern. 
One tick sound period is here defined as a "frame". Frames were found to consist of 140 QPSK symbols. So the frame rate is 11.42857 Hz. 
The probe/sync pattern is 28 symbols which is one fifth the number of symbols per frame. It is found that, during the repetitive melody idle time, the remaining symbols of a frame consist of four repetitions of another 28 symbol pattern. So a frame appears to consist of five "blocks" of 28 symbols. 

During idle time there is a finite set of symbol patterns that appear in the blocks. The patterns are designated here: ps, p0, p1, p2, p3, p4, p5, p6, p7, p8, p9, p10, and p11. The "ps" pattern is the probe/sync pattern. The rest are numbered roughly in the order of their frequency of occurrence. The "p0" pattern is most common. The melodic idle time consists of an exactly repeating sequence of 64 frames. A 64 frame sequence is called a "super frame" here. 

The duration of a super frame is 5.60000 seconds. The frame / block pattern of the idle super frame is presented in the following table. The melody arises from the regular repeated simple patterns of symbols/phases. The p10 pattern is all one phase. So it produces a single tone. The p11 pattern is also all one phase but 180 degrees from p10. The other patterns are somewhat more complex and result in different and multiple apparent tones."
 
A short recording of my XSL reception may be heard here
decoder Sigmira may be downloaded from the sigmira official site 




16 November 2014

XSQ - Guangzhou Coast Station


Guangzhou Coast Station is one of the China's largest coast station in southern China and was established in October 14, 1949.
Guangzhou coast station is directly under the Guangdong Maritime Safety Agency. The staff is 176 of employees people: 122 people in the post, four senior titles, intermediate title 12 people, technical staff of 76 people.

Main functions:

1, implementation of the party and state policies and directives and superior decisions;

2, responsible for the South China Sea maritime safety information broadcast, distress and safety duty and other services, to provide security communications for ships at sea;

3, provide maritime radio communication services and special communications tasks assigned by superiors for international and domestic shipping;

4, provide ship-shore communication technology and social counseling services, ship guided escrow and other public services;

5, take charge of the Guangdong Maritime Safety Administration water traffic safety supervision communications, information systems, communication lines, communication networks and other construction and maintenance;

6, in accordance with the authorization, responsible for issuing work within the jurisdiction of the ship station licens

From January 1, 2014, Guangzhou coast stations offer free boat ship - shore public (official) communications services.

 radio station long line facilities and equipment

Guangzhou coast station is a three-site formula coast station:

Wanqingsha: receiving station
Nangang: center console (located in Huangpu, Guangzhou Development Zone)
Luogang: transmitting station(Eastern Guangzhou City, covering about 35 thousand square meters)

and other nine minor base stations.


eMail: gzrdo@gzrdo.com
Address: Room 1101, No. 40, Guangzhou Bin Jiangxi
Radio Telephone: 020-83295815 Office Tel: 020-83295554 

Guangdong Coast VHF system server, automatic DSC, AIS terminal